Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/154173
Author(s): Pereira, MA
Nóbrega, C
Mateus, TL
Almeida, D
Oliveira, A
Coelho, C
Cruz, R
Oliveira, P
Faustino-Rocha, A
Pires, MJ
Mesquita, JR
Vala, H
Title: An Antibody-Based Survey of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum Infection in Client-Owned Cats from Portugal
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2023
Abstract: Simple Summary Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum are intracellular parasites with a great impact on human and animal health, respectively. This work aims to investigate the presence of antibodies against T. gondii and N. caninum in client-owned cats from Portugal and to identify risk factors. A total of 183 domestic cats were sampled and their owners answered an online questionnaire designed to obtain background information. The overall anti-T. gondii and anti-N. caninum seroprevalences were 13.1% and 3.8%, respectively. An indoor lifestyle was identified as a significant protection factor against T. gondii infection, while the presence of a chronic disease and the presence of antibodies against N. caninum were identified as significant risk factors to T. gondii seroprevalence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first serosurvey on N. caninum seroprevalence in cats from Portugal. Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites infecting a wide range of hosts worldwide. However, information on the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis and neosporosis in cats from Portugal is limited. Thus, this study aims to evaluate anti-T. gondii and anti-N. caninum seroprevalence in client-owned cats from Portugal and to identify risk factors using a panel of well-characterized sera. A total of 183 domestic cats were sampled and screened for antibodies against T. gondii and N. caninum using commercial ELISA assays, and their owners answered an online questionnaire designed to obtain background information. The overall anti-T. gondii and anti-N. caninum seroprevalences were 13.1% (CI: 8.97-18.77) and 3.8% (CI: 1.87-7.68), respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that living strictly indoors was a significant protection factor (cOR: 0.053; CI: 0.005-0.627), and the presence of a chronic disease a significant risk factor (cOR: 3.106; CI: 1.062-9.082) to T. gondii seroprevalence. When performing multivariate analysis, only chronic disease (aOR: 57.527; CI: 1.7-1976.7) and seropositivity to N. caninum (aOR: 7.929; CI:0.8-82.9) were found to be a significant risk factor to anti-T. gondii antibodies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of N. caninum seropositivity in cats from Portugal.
Subject: toxoplasmosis
neosporosis
seroprevalence
risk factors
Felis catus
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/154173
Source: Animals (Basel). 2023 Jul 17;13(14):2327. doi: 10.3390/ani13142327.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UIDB/00681/2020/PT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/3599-PPCDT/PTDC/CVT-CVT/0228/2020/PT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UIDB/04033/2020/PT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UIDB/00681/2020/PT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UIDB/04033/2020/PT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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