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Author(s): Almeida, GM
Pereira, C
Park, JH
Lemos, C
Campelos, S
Gullo, I
Martins, D
Gonçalves, G
Leitão, D
Neto, JL
André, A
Borges, C
Almeida, D
Lee, HJ
Kong, SH
Kim, WH
Carneiro, F
Almeida, R
Yang, HK
Oliveira, C
Title: Cd44v6 high membranous expression is a predictive marker of therapy response in gastric cancer patients
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: In gastric cancer (GC), biomarkers that define prognosis and predict treatment response remain scarce. We hypothesized that the extent of CD44v6 membranous tumor expression could predict prognosis and therapy response in GC patients. Two GC surgical cohorts, from Portugal and South Korea (n = 964), were characterized for the extension of CD44v6 membranous immuno-expression, clinicopathological features, patient survival, and therapy response. The value of CD44v6 expression in predicting response to treatment and its impact on prognosis was determined. High CD44v6 expression was associated with invasive features (perineural invasion and depth of invasion) in both cohorts and with worse survival in the Portuguese GC cohort (HR 1.461; 95% confidence interval 1.002–2.131). Patients with high CD44v6 tumor expression benefited from conventional chemotherapy in addition to surgery (p < 0.05), particularly those with heterogeneous CD44v6-positive and-negative populations (CD44v6_3+) (p < 0.007 and p < 0.009). Our study is the first to identify CD44v6 high membranous expression as a potential predictive marker of response to conventional treatment, but it does not clarify CD44v6 prognostic value in GC. Importantly, our data support selection of GC patients with high CD44v6-expressing tumors for conventional chemotherapy in addition to surgery. These findings will allow better stratification of GC patients for treatment, potentially improving their overall survival.
Subject: Biomarkers
Conventional chemotherapy
Drug therapy
Gastric surgery
Genetic heterogeneity
Stomach neoplasms
Source: Biomedicines, vol.9(9):1249
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/9471 - RIDTI/SAICTPAC%2F0022%2F2015/PT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/9471 - RIDTI/PTDC%2FBTM-TEC%2F30164%2F2017/PT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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