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Author(s): Cavadas, B
Leite, M
Pedro, N
Magalhães, AC
Melo, J
Correia, M
Máximo, V
Camacho, R
Fonseca, NA
Figueiredo, C
Pereira, L
Title: Shedding light on the african enigma: In vitro testing of homo sapiens-helicobacter pylori coevolution
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: The continuous characterization of genome-wide diversity in population and case- cohort samples, allied to the development of new algorithms, are shedding light on host ancestry impact and selection events on various infectious diseases. Especially interesting are the longstanding associations between humans and certain bacteria, such as the case of Helicobacter pylori, which could have been strong drivers of adaptation leading to coevolution. Some evidence on admixed gastric cancer cohorts have been suggested as supporting Homo-Helicobacter coevolution, but reliable experimental data that control both the bacterium and the host ancestries are lacking. Here, we conducted the first in vitro coinfection assays with dual humanand bacterium-matched and -mismatched ancestries, in African and European backgrounds, to evaluate the genome wide gene expression host response to H. pylori. Our results showed that: (1) the host response to H. pylori infection was greatly shaped by the human ancestry, with variability on innate immune system and metabolism; (2) African human ancestry showed signs of coevolution with H. pylori while European ancestry appeared to be maladapted; and (3) mismatched ancestry did not seem to be an important differentiator of gene expression at the initial stages of infection as assayed here.
Source: Microorganisms, vol.9(2):240
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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