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Author(s): Borges-Canha, M
Neves, JS
Mendonça, F
Silva, MM
Costa, C
Cabral, PM
Guerreiro, V
Lourenço, R
Meira, P
Salazar, D
Ferreira, MJ
Pedro, J
Leite, A
Von-Hafe, M
Vale, C
Viana, S
Varela, A
Belo, S
Lau, E
Freitas, P
Carvalho, D
Title: Thyroid Function and the Risk of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Morbid Obesity
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: Background: An association between hypothyroidism and the risk of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) has been suggested. This association remains to be elucidated in patients with morbid obesity. Aim: To evaluate the association between thyroid function and parameters of liver function and hepatic scores in patients with morbid obesity. Methods: Patients with morbid obesity followed in our center between January 2010 and July 2018 were included. The ones without evaluation of liver and thyroid functions were excluded. Fatty Liver Index (FLI) and BARD scores were used as predictors of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis, respectively. Results: We observed a positive association between TSH and both BARD (OR 1.14; p = 0.035) and FLI (OR 1.19; p = 0.010) in the unadjusted analysis. We found a negative association between free triiodothyronine levels and BARD (OR 0.70; p<0.01) and a positive association between free triiodothyronine levels and FLI (OR 1.48; p = 0.022). Concerning liver function, we found a positive association between total bilirubin and free thyroxine levels (ß = 0.18 [0.02 to 0.35]; p = 0.033) and a negative association between total bilirubin and free triiodothyronine levels (ß = -0.07 [-0.14 to -0.002]; p = 0.042). Conclusion: Higher levels of TSH and free triiodothyronine may be associated with a higher risk of NAFLD, particularly steatosis, in patients with morbid obesity.
Subject: fatty liver
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
thyroid function
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology, vol.11:572128
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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