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dc.creatorBranco, M
dc.creatorAlves, I
dc.creatorMartins, de Silva, A
dc.creatorPinheiro, J
dc.creatorSá, MJ
dc.creatorCorreia, I
dc.creatorSousa, L
dc.creatorBrandão, E
dc.creatorVeira, C
dc.creatorGomes, B
dc.creatorRuano, L
dc.description.abstractBackground. The prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has been increasing worldwide and the north–south gradient of prevalence may be disappearing in the Northern hemisphere. The few previous prevalence studies performed in Portugal have reported a lower prevalence than the average for Western Europe. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of MS in the Entre Douro e Vouga region, in Northern Portugal. Methods. Multiple overlapping sources were used to ascertain all cases from the reference population: records from hospitals in the region and neighbouring regions; diagnostic databases of primary care physicians; and applications for disability benefits. The prevalence date was set at 1 January 2014. The reference population was 274,859 inhabitants. Patients’ neurologists were contacted to retrieve clinical information and confirm the diagnosis based. Results. A total of 177 patients were identified after eliminating duplicates from different sources. The female to male ratio was 1.9 and the mean age at disease onset was 33.5 (standard deviation: 10.3). Clinically isolated syndrome accounted for 9.0% of patients, relapsing remitting for 58.8%, secondary progressive for 20.3% and primary progressive for 11.8%. The prevalence was estimated in 64.4 patients per 100,000 (95% confidence interval: 54.9;73.9). Conclusions. In this study we report a higher point prevalence of MS than had been previously described in Portugal, but still far from the higher values recently reported in other Southern European countries.
dc.description.sponsorshipThere was no funding for this project.
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Neurol. 2020 May 19;20(1):195. doi: 10.1186/s12883-020-01755-8
dc.subjectMultiple sclerosis
dc.titleThe epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in the entre Douro e Vouga region of northern Portugal: a multisource population-based study
dc.typeArtigo em Revista Científica Internacional
dc.contributor.uportoInstituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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