Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/127067
Author(s): Vale N
Ferreira A
Matos J
Fresco P
Gouveia M
Title: Amino acids in the development of Prodrugs
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: Although drugs currently used for the various types of diseases (e.g., antiparasitic, antiviral, antibacterial, etc.) are effective, they present several undesirable pharmacological and pharmaceutical properties. Most of the drugs have low bioavailability, lack of sensitivity, and do not target only the damaged cells, thus also affecting normal cells. Moreover, there is the risk of developing resistance against drugs upon chronic treatment. Consequently, their potential clinical applications might be limited and therefore, it is mandatory to find strategies that improve those properties of therapeutic agents. The development of prodrugs using amino acids as moieties has resulted in improvements in several properties, namely increased bioavailability, decreased toxicity of the parent drug, accurate delivery to target tissues or organs, and prevention of fast metabolism. Herein, we provide an overview of models currently in use of prodrug design with amino acids. Furthermore, we review the challenges related to the permeability of poorly absorbed drugs and transport and deliver on target organs.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/127067
Source: Molecules, vol.23(9):2318
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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