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Author(s): Sandra Rodrigues
Márcia Andrade
J. Moffat
Fernão D. Magalhães
Adélio Mendes
Title: Carbon Membranes with Extremely High Separation Factors and Stability
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: For some time, carbon molecular sieve membranes (CMSMs) have been promoted as energy-efficient candidates for gas separation due to their high selectivity, permeability, and stability in chemically aggressive environments. Nevertheless, these membranes have not yet been made into commercial products due to a significant decrease in performance when exposed to humidity and/or oxygen. Herein, disruptive CMSMs with extremely high separation performance and stability, even in the presence of humidity, are reported. The carbon membranes are prepared from a renewable, low-cost precursor with a single carbonization step. Water vapor adsorption/desorption studies demonstrate that these membranes have a linear water vapor adsorption isotherm, characteristic of a homogeneous distribution of hydrophilic sites on the pore surfaces, allowing for water molecules to hop continuously between sites and avoiding the formation of pore-blocking water clusters. These results are a breakthrough toward bringing this new type of membrane to a commercial level.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte/P2020|Norte2020-Projetos Integrados ICDT/NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000005/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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