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Author(s): Olívia S. G. P. Soares
Carmen S. D. Rodrigues
Luís M. Madeira
Manuel Fernando R. Pereira
Title: Heterogeneous Fenton-Like Degradation of p-Nitrophenol over Tailored Carbon-Based Materials
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Activated carbon (AC), carbon xerogel (XG), and carbon nanotubes (CNT), with and without N-functionalities, were prepared. Catalysts were obtained after impregnation of these materials with 2 wt.% of iron. The materials were characterized in terms of N-2 adsorption at -196 degrees C, elemental analysis (EA), and the pH at the point of zero charge (pH(PZC)). The p-nitrophenol (PNP) degradation and mineralization (assessed in terms of total organic carbon-TOC-removal) were evaluated during adsorption, catalytic wet peroxidation (CWPO), and Fenton process. The textural and chemical properties of the carbon-based materials play an important role in such processes, as it was found that the support with the highest surface area -AC- presents the best performance in adsorption, whereas the materials with the highest mesopore surface area -XG or Fe/XG- lead to best removals by oxidation processes (for XG it was achieved 39.7 and 35.0% and for Fe/XG 45.4 and 41.7% for PNP and TOC, respectively). The presence of N-functionalities increases such removals. The materials were reused in consecutive cycles: the carbon-based materials were deactivated by hydrogen peroxide, while the catalysts showed high stability and no Fe leaching. For the support with superior performances -XG-, the effect of nitrogen content was also evaluated. The removals increase with the increase of the nitrogen content, the maximum removals (81% and 65% for PNP and TOC, respectively) being reached when iron supported on a carbon xerogel doped with melamine was used as catalyst.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte/P2020|Norte2020-Projetos Integrados ICDT/NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000006/Advanced Industrial Processes and Materials for a Sustainable North Region of Portugal2020/AIProcMat@N2020
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Programa de Financiamento Plurianual de Unidades de I&D/UID/EQU/00511/2019 /Projeto Estratégico do LEPABE - Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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