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|Title:||The Challenges of "Comparative Urbanism" in Post Fordist Cities: The cases of Turin and Detroit|
|Abstract:||In 1947, the U.S. Secretary of State, George C. Marshall announced that the USA wouldprovide development aid to help the recovery and reconstruction of the economies of Europe,which was widely known as the 'Marshall Plan'. In Italy, this plan generated a resurgence ofmodern industrialization and remodeled Italian Industry based on American models ofproduction. As the result of these transnational transfers, the systemic approach known asFordism largely succeeded and allowed some Italian firms such as Fiat to flourish. During thisperiod, Detroit and Turin, homes to the most powerful automobile corporations of the twentiethcentury, became intertwined in a web of common features such as industrial concentration,mass flows of immigrations, uneven urban sprawl, radical iconography and inner-city decay,which characterized Fordism in both cities. In the crucial decades of the postwar expansionof the automobile industries, both cities were hubs of labor battles and social movements.However, after the radical decline in their industries as previous auto cities, they experiencedthe radical shift toward post-Fordist urbanization and production of political urbanism. Thisresearch responds to the recent interest for a comparative (re)turn in urban studies bysuggesting the conceptual theoretical baseline for the proposed comparative framework inpost-Fordist cities. In better words, it develops a "theory" on the challenges of comparativeurbanism in post-Fordist cities.|
|Document Type:||Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
|Appears in Collections:||FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
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