Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/120381
Author(s): Marinho M.C.
Lage O.M.
Catita J.
Antunes S.C.
Title: Adequacy of planctomycetes as supplementary food source for Daphnia magna
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The nutritional quality of daphnids diet can influence their growth, reproduction and survival. In aquatic ecosystems, bacteria can contribute significantly to Daphnia diet by supporting, for instances, their high needs for phosphorus. The laboratory feeding of the model organisms Daphnia spp. is algal based, but should be improved to allow their better performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of two planctomycetes, Gemmata obscuriglobus and Rhodopirellula rubra, from exponential and stationary growth phases as alternative or supplementary food source for Daphnia magna. The actinobacterium Arthrobacter sp. was used for comparison. The feeding with only bacteria showed the inefficacy of both planctomycetes and actinobacteria as the only food source. However, when used in supplement to Raphidocelis subcapitata, a decrease in the age of first reproduction, a significant increase in reproductive output, in somatic growth and in rate of population increase was found for the highest cell densities of bacteria tested. The typical pink coloration of these bacteria present in daphnids body and eggs confirmed bacterial absorption and metabolization of their pigment. Planctomycetes yielded better results than the actinobacteria Arthrobacter but G. obscuriglobus that possesses sterols did not induce a better performance comparatively to R. rubra. No relation could be established between the feeding treatments that allowed improvement of Daphnia performance and the different kind of Daphnia’ Fatty Acid Methyl Esters. The use of sonication to separate planctomycetal cells before feeding the daphnids proved to be efficient. We confirmed that R. subcapitata supplemented by bacteria allows a better growth performance of D. magna. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.
Subject: fatty acid ester
sterol
absorption
age
Arthrobacter
Article
autecology
cell density
comparative study
controlled study
Daphnia magna
food source
Gemmata obscuriglobus
growth rate
metabolism
nonhuman
nutritional value
Planctomycetes
priority journal
reproduction
Rhodopirellula rubra
survival rate
animal
Daphnia
food
green alga
Planctomycetales
Animals
Arthrobacter
Chlorophyta
Daphnia
Food
Planctomycetales
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/120381
Source: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology, vol. 111(6), p. 825-840
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/5876/147268/PT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:CIIMAR - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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