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Author(s): Jesus J.M.
Danko A.S.
Fiúza A.
Borges M.-T.
Title: Effect of plants in constructed wetlands for organic carbon and nutrient removal: a review of experimental factors contributing to higher impact and suggestions for future guidelines
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: Constructed wetland is a proven technology for water pollution removal, but process mechanisms and their respective contribution are not fully understood. The present review details the effect of plants on removal efficiency of constructed wetlands by focusing on literature that includes experiments with unplanted controls for organic carbon and nutrient (N and P) removal. The contribution of plant direct uptake is also assessed. Although it was found that several studies, mostly at laboratory or pilot scales, showed no statistical differences between planted and unplanted controls, some factors were found that help maximize the effect of plants. This study intends to contribute to a better understanding of the significance of the effect of plants in a constructed wetland, as well as to suggest a set of experimental guidelines in this field. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
Subject: carbon
isolation and purification
practice guideline
water management
water pollutant
Biodegradation, Environmental
Guidelines as Topic
Waste Disposal, Fluid
Water Pollutants, Chemical
Water Purification
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 25(5), p. 4149-4164
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:CIIMAR - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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