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Author(s): Sandra C. Rodrigues
Márcia Andrade
Jamie Moffat
Fernão D. Magalhães
Adélio Mendes
Title: Preparation of carbon molecular sieve membranes from an optimized ionic liquid-regenerated cellulose precursor
Issue Date: 2019-02-15
Abstract: Novel carbon molecular sieve membranes with high separation performance and stability in the presence of humidified streams were prepared from an optimized ionic liquid-regenerated cellulose precursor, in a single carbonization step. Membranes prepared at two different carbonization end temperatures (550 degrees C and 600 degrees C) were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, carbon dioxide adsorption and permeation experiments. The prepared membranes exhibited uniform thickness of approximately 20 mu m and a well-developed microporous structure. The permeation performance of these carbon molecular sieve membranes was above the Robeson upper bound curve for polymeric membranes. In particular, the membrane prepared at 550 degrees C end temperature exhibited permeability to oxygen of 5.16 barrer and O-2/N-2 ideal selectivity of 32.3 and permeability to helium of 126 barrer and He/N-2 ideal selectivity of 788; besides, permeation experiments performed in the presence of ca. 80% relative humidity showed that humidity does not originate pore blockage. These results open the door for the preparation of tailor made precursors that originate carbon molecular sieve membranes with extraordinary separation performances, mechanical resistance and stability.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte/P2020|Norte2020-Projetos Integrados ICDT/NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000005/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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