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Author(s): Gomes, M
Coelho, A
Araujo, A
Azevedo, A
Teixeira, AL
Catarino, R
Rui Medeiros
Title: IL-6 polymorphism in non-small cell lung cancer: a prognostic value?
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Lung cancer was found to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer, as well as the primary cause of cancer-related mortality for males worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths for women. Cytokines are fundamental for several biological processes-associated malignant tumors. The IL-6 is a cytokine involved in the regulation of cellular functions including processes associated with cancer, such as proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and differentiation. Furthermore, IL-6 is a potent pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine that is considered a key growth-promoting and antiapoptotic factor. The polymorphism 174G/C SNP is a G to C transition in the -174 position of the promoter region of the IL-6 gene. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of -174G/C polymorphism in clinical outcome of non-small cell cancer (NSCLC) patients. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of 424 patients diagnosed with cytologically or histologically NSCLC. The characterization of IL-6 -174G/C genotypes was performed by PCR-RFLP (NlaIII). IL-6 polymorphisms genotypes were divided according to functional activity, so the G carriers (CG/GG) is the high-producer IL-6, and CC genotype is the low-producer IL-6. Regarding survival, we verify that patients with genotypes carrying the G allele (CG/GG) had a statistically significant diminished survival when compared with patients with CC genotype (62.79 and 42.31 months, respectively; P = 0.032). In the promoter region of the IL-6 gene, polymorphic variants were located and may be responsible for alterations in transcription that consequently affect serum levels of the cytokine. With our study, we demonstrated that genetic variant (-174G/G and G/C) can be responsible for changes in prognosis of NSCLC patients. © 2015, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:ICBAS - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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