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Author(s): Silvia Álvarez-Torrellas
Rui S. Ribeiro
Helder T. Gomes
Jose L. Sotelo
Juan García
Title: Synthesis of carbon xerogels and their application in adsorption studies of caffeine and diclofenac as emerging contaminants
Issue Date: 2015-03-01
Abstract: This work involves the application of carbon xerogels in the removal of two emerging contaminants, caffeine and diclofenac, from aqueous solutions. Textural characterization of the carbon xerogels prepared by polycondensation of resorcinol with formaldehyde (with a molar ratio of 1:2) has been investigated using N2 adsorption-desorption at -196°C. Chemical surface groups were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy, elemental microanalysis and determination of isoelectric point. The equilibrium tests were carried out using different weights of adsorbent and the experimental data were best correlated by Sips isotherm equation. The kinetic experimental data were described using pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetic models, being well described by a pseudo-second order model. The maximum adsorption capacity was observed for adsorption of caffeine onto a xerogel treated with urea solution (182.5mgg-1), due to the presence of Lewis bases on its surface, which increase the adsorption affinity for organic compounds. On the other hand, the higher extent of diclofenac adsorption was obtained with a carbon xerogel treated with sulfuric acid (80.0mgg-1), mainly due to electronic interactions. Comparing these results with other data reported in the literature, the carbon xerogels employed in our study were found to exhibit comparable adsorption capacities and higher kinetic properties. © 2014 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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