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Author(s): J. F. Malheiro
J.-Y. Maillard
F. Borges
Manuel Simões
Title: Evaluation of cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid derivatives in microbial growth control
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: The conspicuous absence of novel and effective strategies to control microbial growth, both in the food and healthcare industries and evidence of increasing microbial resistance to conventional biocides has led to a search for novel antimicrobials and growth prevention strategies. In this study, 15 phytochemicals and derivatives, structurally-related to cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde, were assessed for their effects on the growth of Escherichia colt, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus hirae. Their effects were compared to seven commonly used biocides (hydrogen peroxide, sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, triclosan, o-phthalaldehyde and lactic acid). All phytochemicals and derivatives increased lag phase and culture doubling time of the tested bacteria. Cinnamic acid and other derivatives inhibited bacterial growth. The MIC of cinnamaldehyde was comparable to o-phthalaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite and lower than hydrogen peroxide and lactic acid. The effect of methyl trans-cinnamate on bacterial growth was more evident against Gram-negative bacteria. It also inhibited quorum sensing in Chromobacterium violaceum. The effect of phytochemicals against sessile bacteria was low: < 1 log Inhibition of quorum sensing and of bacterial growth supports the fact that phytochemicals are an interesting source of antimicrobials with potential use as biocides or more likely as additives to improve the efficacy of current biocidal formulations and preservative systems.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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