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Author(s): Ana M. Ferreira
João Pereira
Margarida Almeida
João Ferra
Nádia Paiva
Jorge Martins
Fernão D. Magalhães
Luísa H. Carvalho
Title: Biosourced Binder for Wood Particleboards Based on Spent Sulfite Liquor and Wheat Flour
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: Currently, the majority of binders used in wood particleboard (PB) manufacturing are formaldehyde-based synthetic resins. Because of the toxicity of formaldehyde, there is a strong demand for eco-friendly alternatives with similar performances and economic viability. In this work, thick spent sulfite liquor (TSSL), an industrial byproduct from sulfite pulp mills, is proposed as a binder for fully bio-based PBs. The results showed that PBs bound with TSSL present appropriate mechanical performance, which was further improved when TSSL was combined with wheat flour at an 84:16 dry weight ratio and preheated to 94 degrees C prior to application. For 13.2% binder content per dry wood weight, the PB internal bond strength was 0.46 N mm(-2), which is above the standard requirements for PB type P2 (0.35 N mm(-2)). Optical microscopy showed that TSSL hinders the gelatinization of starch granules during preheating, allowing the binder mixture to maintain a low viscosity suitable for combination with wood particles and PB production.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte/P2020|Norte2020-Projetos Integrados ICDT/NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000005/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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