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Author(s): João Baptista
Manuel Simões
Anabela Borges
Title: Effect of plant-based catecholic molecules on the prevention and eradication of Escherichia coli biofilms: a structure activity relationship study
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Persistent bacterial infections and increased resistance to multidrugs are mostly related with biofilm formation which constitute a global concern in nowadays society. Therefore, studies must be conducted in order to discover more efficient antibiofilm agents. Nine compounds with a catecholic moiety (catechol (CAT), veratrol (VER), guaiacol (GUA), 2-ethoxphenol (ETH), 4-methylcatechol (MEC), 4-tert-butylcatechol (TEB), pyrogallol (PYR), 3-methoxycatechol (MET), and o-phenylene-phosphochloridite (OPP)) were investigated for their potential to prevent and eradicate Escherichia coil biofilms. Their action was assessed on biomass and metabolic activity, sessile cells' membrane integrity and culturability, motility and cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH). ETH, MEC, TEB, PYR and OPP exhibited the best antibiofilm activities among the tested catechols, inducing biofilm removal and metabolic inactivation, sessile cells' membrane disruption and death. CAT, TEB and PYR significantly inhibited E. coil swimming motility. Likewise, ETH, MEC, TEB and PYR significantly reduced E. coil CSH. An additive interaction of combined catechols with ciprofloxacin was attained in both control and preventive strategies. From a structure activity relationship (SAR) study, an increase in the hydrocarbon side chain and lipophilicity using ETH and TEB as scaffolds is suggested for increased activity. Hydroxyl groups are also suggested to be particularly related to their antibiofilm activity. All the catechols fulfil the Lipinski's "rule of five" requisites and thus are promising scaffolds in the development of new formulations for therapeutic purposes.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte/P2020|Norte2020-Projetos Integrados ICDT/NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000005/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION/LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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