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Author(s): Carmen Rodrigues
Luis Madeira
Rui Boaventura
Title: Synthetic Textile Wastewaters Treatment by Coagulation/Flocculation using Ferric Salt as Coagulant
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Three different synthetic textile dyeing wastewaters were treated by a chemical coagulation/flocculation process, using ferric sulphate as coagulant. Polyacrylamide (Magnafloc 155) and polyamine (Superfloc C-573) based flocculants were applied. The influence of pH (between 3.5 and 10.4) and Fe3+ concentration (from 15 to 4000 mg/L) in both color and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal of polyester, cotton and acrylic dyeing wastewaters was assessed in the coagulation stage. As far as flocculation stage concerns, the effect of the flocculant dose (from 0.25 to 5 mg/L) and its nature was evaluated in pre-treated effluents from coagulation, carried out at the better operating conditions. The results obtained permit concluding that the optimum pH and the better coagulant and flocculant doses depend on the characteristics of the effluents. Operating at the bestexperimentally obtained operating conditions, DOC removals of 40.2, 43.0 and 16.5% were found for polyester, cotton and acrylic synthetic wastewaters, respectively. The color removal efficiency for the acrylic dyeing effluent (44.7%) was slightly higher than that for the cotton one (33.2%); the polyester effluent is already practically colorless. These performances, namely in terms of color reduction, can be considerably increased using a Fe II salt as coagulant. In spite of the relatively low DOC and color removals obtained by coagulation/flocculation with the Fe III salt, the remaining dissolved iron can be used for a downstream Fentons oxidation process, which means an economic benefit for the integrated treatment of textile dyeing effluents.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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