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Magalhães, F. D.
|Title:||Determination of resin and moisture content in melamine-formaldehyde paper using near infrared spectroscopy|
|Abstract:||This paper describes the use of near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for the determination of moisture and resin content on papers impregnated with melamine-formaldehyde resins for high-pressure laminate production. The papers had different colours and grammages. The near infrared analysis range comprised wavelengths between 12,000 cm(-1) and 4000 cm(-1). Several multivariate calibration procedures and pre-processing techniques were tested for selection of the best spectral interval, including interval partial least-square, forward interval partial least-square and synergy interval partial least-square. The performance of calibration models was evaluated computing the root mean-squared error of cross-validations and the coefficient of determination (R-2). An external validation procedure was done using different decorative papers (red, pearl, yellow, violet and pale green). The performances of the best models were compared using the statistical criterion root mean square error of prediction. It was shown that the developed models can be applied in the determination of resin content independently of the grammage and colour of the papers. However, regarding the volatile content, the models seemed to be affected by external factors, such as the presence of dyes and pigments, and were only applicable to papers having spectra similar to those used in the calibration model.|
|Related Information:||info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE|
|Document Type:||Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
|Appears in Collections:||FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
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