Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/115145
Author(s): Carreira, H
Lorenzoni, C
Carrilho, C
Ferro, J
Sultane, T
Garcia, C
Amod, F
Augusto, O
Silva-Matos, C
La Vecchia, C
Lunet, N
Title: Spectrum of pediatric cancers in Mozambique: an analysis of hospital and population-based data
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The existing data provide little detail about the epidemiology of pediatric cancers in Mozambique. We aimed at characterizing the spectrum of pediatric cancers (0–14 years) diagnosed in Mozambique in two different calendar periods. Data were obtained from the Pathology Department of the Maputo Central Hospital (DP-HCM) (1999–2000 and 2009–2010), which receives virtually all samples for histopathological diagnosis in Maputo, with the exception of leukemia, and from the population-based Cancer Registry of Beira (2009–2010). In 1999–2000, the DP-HCM diagnosed 61 cancers. Burkitt lymphoma, malignant bone tumors, and rhabdomyosarcomas accounted for 24.6%, 11.5%, and 9.8% of all cases, respectively. In 2009–2010, the number of cancers increased to 150, reflecting a two- to threefold increase in the proportion of Kaposi sarcomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, nephroblastomas, and neuroblastomas. In 2009–2010, the Cancer Registry of Beira registered 34 cases, corresponding to an incidence rate of 9.7/100,000 inhabitants in this age group; Kaposi sarcomas, lymphomas, retinoblastomas, and nephroblastomas accounted for 29.4%, 23.5%, 8.8%, and 8.8% of all cases, respectively. These data show that pediatric cancers account for an appreciable burden in Mozambique, probably reflecting a high frequency of HIV-associated cancers and improved access to diagnosis, and highlight the potential for improving surveillance in this low resource setting.
Subject: Public health surveillance - Mozambique
Pediatric cancer
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/115145
Source: Pediatr Hematol Oncol, vol. 31(6), p. 498-508
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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