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Author(s): Pereira, JM
Azevedo, A
Basilio, C
Sousa-Dias, C
Mergulhao, P
Paiva, JA
Title: Mid-regional proadrenomedullin: An early marker of response in critically ill patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia?
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a novel biomarker with potential prognostic utility in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). PURPOSE:To evaluate the value of MR-proADM levels at ICU admission for further severity stratification and outcome prediction, and its kinetics as an early predictor of response in severe CAP (SCAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Prospective, single-center, cohort study of 19 SCAP patients admitted to the ICU within 12h after the first antibiotic dose. RESULTS:At ICU admission median MR-proADM was 3.58nmol/l (IQR: 2.83-10.00). No significant association was found between its serum levels at admission and severity assessed by SAPS II (Spearman's correlation=0.24, p=0.31) or SOFA score (SOFA<10: <3.45nmol/l vs. SOFA≥10: 3.90nmol/l, p=0.74). Hospital and one-year mortality were 26% and 32%, respectively. No significant difference in median MR-proADM serum levels was found between survivors and non-survivors and its accuracy to predict hospital mortality was bad (aROC 0.53). After 48h of antibiotic therapy, MR-proADM decreased in all but 5 patients (median -20%; IQR -56% to +0.1%). Its kinetics measured by the percent change from baseline was a good predictor of clinical response (aROC 0.80). The best discrimination was achieved by classifying patients according to whether MR-proADM decreased or not within 48h. No decrease in MR-proADM serum levels significantly increased the chances of dying independently of general severity (SAPS II-adjusted OR 174; 95% CI 2-15,422; p=0.024). CONCLUSIONS:In SCAP patients, a decrease in MR-proADM serum levels in the first 48h after ICU admission was a good predictor of clinical response and better outcome.
Subject: Proadrenomedullin
Severe community acquired pneumonia
Critically ill patients
Source: Rev Port Pneumol, vol. 22(6), p. 308-314
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Nacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Nacional

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