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Author(s): Salvador, SF
Oliveira, J
Pereira, J
Barros, H
Vaz, R
Title: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the management of hydrocephalus: Outcome analysis of 168 consecutive procedures
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is the treatment of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus, but the outcome is still controversial in terms of age and aetiology. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2011, 168 consecutive procedures were performed in 164 patients, primarily children (56%<18 years of age and 35%<2 years of age). The causes of obstructive hydrocephalus included tumoural pathology, Chiari malformation, congenital obstruction of the aqueduct, post-infectious and post-haemorrhagic membranes, and ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) malfunctions. Successful ETV was defined by the resolution of symptoms and the avoidance of a shunt. RESULTS: ETV was successful in 75.6% of patients, but 19% of the patients required VPS in the first month after ETV, and 5.4% required a VPS more than one month after ETV. Four patients were ultimately submitted for second ETVs. In this series, no major permanent morbidity or mortality was observed. CONCLUSIONS: ETV is a safe procedure and an effective treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus even following the dysfunction of previous VPSs and in children younger than two years.
Subject: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy
Source: Clin Neurol Neurosurg, vol. 126, p.130-136
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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