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|Title:||Longitudinal clustering of tuberculosis incidence and predictors for the time profiles: the impact of HIV|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Portugal remains the country with the highest tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Western Europe. OBJECTIVES: To identify longitudinal trends in TB incidence in Portugal from 2002 to 2012 and investigate the longitudinal effect of sociodemographic and health-related predictors among the resident population on the TB incidence rate. METHODS: We used data from the National Tuberculosis Surveillance System and other national institutions. K-means longitudinal clustering algorithm was performed on TB incidence time profiles from districts of Portugal. RESULTS: Three longitudinal profiles for the TB incidence rate of Portugal were identified. In all of them, TB incidence decreased over time. Among all studied sociodemographic and health-related predictors, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) notification rate and unemployment were shown to have (positive) significant effects on TB incidence. In particular, the greatest effects were found for the HIV notification rate. CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports the view that combined TB-HIV strategies and the improvement of social determinants can contribute to decreases in TB incidence.|
|Subject:||Tuberculosis - Incidence|
|Source:||Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, vol. 20(6), p. 1027-1032|
|Document Type:||Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
|Appears in Collections:||ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
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