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|dc.description.abstract||Background: Relations between bone parameters, physical exertion, and childhood fractures are complex. We aimed to estimate the associations between fracture history and bone mineral content (BMC) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at 7 years of age, by levels of physical activity, as a proxy for trauma frequency. Methods: We used data collected from 2,261 children of the Generation XXI birth cohort, assembled in 2005/6 in Porto, Portugal. At the age of 7 years (2012/4), fracture history, time spent per week in active play, and sports practice were reported by parents. Subtotal and lumbar spine (LS) BMC and aBMD were measured using whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: Boys and girls in the highest categories of time spent in sports practice or active play generally had higher BMC and aBMD. Among girls, BMC and aBMD were protective of fracture only in the highest quarter of active play (>660 min/week)—odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval (95% CI)) for subtotal BMC=0.27 (0.11–0.67), subtotal aBMD=0.18 (0.06–0.49), and LS aBMD=0.41 (0.22–0.75). For boys in the highest quarter of sports practice (>240 min/week), subtotal and LS BMC were protective of fracture—OR=0.39 (0.16–0.98) and 0.51 (0.27–0.96), respectively. Conclusion: In prepubertal children, BMC and aBMD predicted fracture history only in the highest levels of physical activity.||pt_PT|
|dc.description.sponsorship||Generation XXI was funded by FEDER through the Operational Programme Competitiveness and Internationalization and national funding from the Foundation for Science and Technology – FCT (Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education) (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016838 and POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016837), under the projects “BioAdversity: Como a adversidade social na infância condiciona a saúde: A biologia da adversidade social” (Ref. FCT PTDC/DTPEPI/1687/2014) and “PathMOB.: Risco cardiometabólico na infância: desde o início da vida ao fim da infância” (Ref. FCT PTDC/DTP-EPI/3306/2014); by the Unidade de Investigação em Epidemiologia - Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto (EPIUnit) (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006862; Ref. UID/DTP/04750/2013); and by Administração Regional de Saúde Norte (Regional Department of Ministry of Health) and Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian; PhD grant SFRH/BD/92370/2013 (Teresa Monjardino) and postdoc grant SFRH/BPD/88729/2012 (Raquel Lucas), co-funded by FCT and the POPH/FSE Program; and an MSD merit scholarship attributed to the Masters in Public Health of Universidade do Porto (Ana Martins). This study is also a result of the project DOCnet (NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000003), supported by Norte Portugal Regional Operational Programme (NORTE 2020), under the PORTUGAL 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).||pt_PT|
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||Pediatr Res, vol. 82(3), p. 396-404.||pt_PT|
|dc.subject||Bone mineral content||pt_PT|
|dc.title||Do bone mineral content and density determine fracture in children? A possible threshold for physical activity||pt_PT|
|dc.type||Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional||pt_PT|
|dc.contributor.uporto||Instituto de Saúde Pública||pt_PT|
|Appears in Collections:||ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional|
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