Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/109592
Author(s): Pereira, L
Prata, MJ
Amorim, A
Title: Mismatch distribution analysis of Y-STR haplotypes as a tool for the evaluation of identity-by-state proportions and significance of matches - the European picture
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: We suggest the use of the mismatch distribution methodology as an easy way to estimate the distance between all pairs of haplotypes present in a sample. This approach allows the evaluation of the proportion of pairs of Y-STR haplotypes that are prone to become identical by state (IBS), in one generation, by recurrent mutation, a statistic of major importance in the forensic field. The mismatch approach presents some advantages alternatively to the empirical one, since it is not necessary to have simultaneous information on STRs and SNPs, and it allows the evaluation of IBS also within-haplogroups. The estimation of IBS at an European scale showed that there is a high population substructuring for this parameter, increasing from southern-central European countries towards west and north, in accordance to what was found for Y-biallelic markers. This result seems to imply a more careful use of large databases for matching evaluation, even in the absence of population structure for general Y-STR diversity. Furthermore, mismatch distribution can be used to measure the distance between a particular haplotype and all the haplotypes in a sample. When applied to the most frequent haplotypes in Europe it revealed that the opportunity for IBS is not directly related to the frequency of a haplotype, but highly dependent on the proportion of neighbouring haplotypes--so, that reporting on the haplotype frequency for evaluating the significance of a match can be misleading.
Subject: Mutation recurrence
Identity-by-state
Identity-by-descent
Mismatch distribution
Match
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/109592
Source: Forensic Science International, vol. 130(2-3), p. 147-55
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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