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Author(s): Pereira, JB
Costa, MD
Vieira, D
Pala, M
Bamford, L
Harich, N
Cherni, L
Alshamali, F
Hatina, J
Rychkov, S
Stefanescu, G
King, T
Torroni, A
Soares, P
Pereira, L
Richards, MB
Title: Reconciling evidence from ancient and contemporary genomes: a major source for the European Neolithic within Mediterranean Europe
Publisher: Royal Society (Great Britain)
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Important gaps remain in our understanding of the spread of farming into Europe, due partly to apparent contradictions between studies of contemporary genetic variation and ancient DNA. It seems clear that farming was introduced into central, northern, and eastern Europe from the south by pioneer colonization. It is often argued that these dispersals originated in the Near East, where the potential source genetic pool resembles that of the early European farmers, but clear ancient DNA evidence from Mediterranean Europe is lacking, and there are suggestions that Mediterranean Europe may have resembled the Near East more than the rest of Europe in the Mesolithic. Here, we test this proposal by dating mitogenome founder lineages from the Near East in different regions of Europe. We find that whereas the lineages date mainly to the Neolithic in central Europe and Iberia, they largely date to the Late Glacial period in central/eastern Mediterranean Europe. This supports a scenario in which the genetic pool of Mediterranean Europe was partly a result of Late Glacial expansions from a Near Eastern refuge, and that this formed an important source pool for subsequent Neolithic expansions into the rest of Europe.
Subject: Phylogeography
Late Glacial
European origins
Source: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 284(1851). pii: 20161976
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/SFRH/SFRH%2FBD%2F45657%2F2008/PT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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