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dc.creatorPereira, L-
dc.creatorCerny, V-
dc.creatorCerezo, M-
dc.creatorSilva, NM-
dc.creatorHájek, M-
dc.creatorVasikova, A-
dc.creatorKujanová, M-
dc.creatorBrdicka, R-
dc.creatorSalas, A-
dc.description.abstractThe Tuareg presently live in the Sahara and the Sahel. Their ancestors are commonly believed to be the Garamantes of the Libyan Fezzan, ever since it was suggested by authors of antiquity. Biological evidence, based on classical genetic markers, however, indicates kinship with the Beja of Eastern Sudan. Our study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences and Y chromosome SNPs of three different southern Tuareg groups from Mali, Burkina Faso and the Republic of Niger reveals a West Eurasian-North African composition of their gene pool. The data show that certain genetic lineages could not have been introduced into this population earlier than approximately 9000 years ago whereas local expansions establish a minimal date at around 3000 years ago. Some of the mtDNA haplogroups observed in the Tuareg population were involved in the post-Last Glacial Maximum human expansion from Iberian refugia towards both Europe and North Africa. Interestingly, no Near Eastern mtDNA lineages connected with the Neolithic expansion have been observed in our population sample. On the other hand, the Y chromosome SNPs data show that the paternal lineages can very probably be traced to the Near Eastern Neolithic demic expansion towards North Africa, a period that is otherwise concordant with the above-mentioned mtDNA expansion. The time frame for the migration of the Tuareg towards the African Sahel belt overlaps that of early Holocene climatic changes across the Sahara (from the optimal greening approximately 10 000 YBP to the extant aridity beginning at approximately 6000 YBP) and the migrations of other African nomadic peoples in the area.-
dc.description.sponsorshipThe project was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (Grant no. 206/08/1587), the Portuguese Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (PTDC/ANT/66275/2006 and Programa Operacional Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação – Quadro Comunitario de Apoio III) (LP), Xunta de Galicia (Grupos Emerxentes; 2008/XA122), Fundación de Investigación Médica Mutua Madrileña (2006/CL370 and 2008/CL444) and Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (SAF2008-02971)(AS).-
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Limited-
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 18(8), p. 915-23-
dc.subjectGenetic diversity-
dc.titleLinking the sub-Saharan and West Eurasian gene pools: maternal and paternal heritage of the Tuareg nomads from the African Sahel-
dc.typeArtigo em Revista Científica Internacional-
dc.contributor.uportoInstituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde-
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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