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Author(s): Maria José Lima
M. Enis Leblebic
Madalena M. Dias
José Carlos B. Lopes
Cláudia G. Silva
Adrián M. T. Silva
Joaquim Luís Faria
Title: Continuous flow photo-Fenton treatment of ciprofloxacin in aqueous solutions using homogeneous and magnetically recoverable catalysts
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The degradation of ciprofloxacin was studied in aqueous solutions by using a continuous flow homogeneous photo-Fenton process under simulated solar light. The effect of different operating conditions on the degradation of ciprofloxacin was investigated by changing the hydrogen peroxide (0-2.50 mM) and iron(II) sulphate (0-10 mg Fe L-1) concentrations, as well as the pH (2.8-10), irradiance (0-750 W m(-2)) and residence time (0.13-3.4 min) of the process. As expected, the highest catalytic activity in steady state conditions was achieved at acidic pH (2.8), namely 85 % of ciprofloxacin conversion, when maintaining the other variables constant (i.e. 2.0 mg L-1 of iron(II), 2.50 mM of hydrogen peroxide, 1.8 min of residence time and 500 W m(-2) of irradiance). Additionally, magnetite magnetic nanoparticles (ca. 20 nm of average particle size) were synthesized, characterized and tested as a possible catalyst for this reaction. In this case, the highest catalytic activity was achieved at natural pH, namely a 55 % average conversion of ciprofloxacin in 1.8 min of residence time and under 500 W m(-2). Some of the photocatalytic activity was attributed to Fe2+ leaching from the magnetic nanoparticles to the solution.
Subject: Ciências Tecnológicas, Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Technological sciences, Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/LA0020/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - LA 20 - 2013-2014/LA 20
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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