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Author(s): Claúdia G. Silva
Maria J. Sampaio
Rita R. N. Marques
Liliana A. Ferreira
Pedro B. Tavares
Adrián M. T. Silva
Joaquim L. Faria
Title: Photocatalytic production of hydrogen from methanol and saccharides using carbon nanotube-TiO2 catalysts
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Carbon nanotube-titanium dioxide composite materials were produced by two routes: hydration-dehydration and one-pot oxidation. Au, Pt, Ir and Pd were loaded on TiO2-based materials by an incipient wetness method. The resulting materials were calcined and afterwards reduced at two distinct temperatures, 473 and 673 K. Characterization was carried out by temperature programmed desorption, infrared and UV-Vis spectroscopy, N-2 adsorption, SEM and TEM. Compared with reference TiO2, composite catalysts presented increased activity for photocatalytic production of H-2 from methanol solutions. The highest activity was obtained for the Pt-loaded composite produced by the one-pot synthesis method, with 485 mu mol of H-2 being generated after two hours of irradiation, contrasting with 205 mu mol of H-2 obtained using Pt/TiO2. This synergic effect was discussed in terms of the action of carbon nanotubes as dispersing media for TiO2 particles as well as their action as photosensitizers. The relative efficiency of the catalysts was related to the work function of each metal and the sizes of the metal nanoparticles. H-2 generation from photocatalytic reforming of saccharides, namely arabinose, glucose, fructose and cellobiose was performed using TiO2 and CNT-TiO2 based catalysts. The relative efficiency of H-2 production from these biomass-derived compounds has been discussed based on their structural arrangement, H:C ratio and availability of alpha-hydrogens.
Subject: Engenharia química
Chemical engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia química
Engineering and technology::Chemical engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/LA0020/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - LA 20 - 2013-2014/LA 20
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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