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Author(s): A. R. Silva
P. M. Martins
S. Teixeira
S. A. C. Carabineiro
K. Keuhn
G. Cuniberti
M. M. Alves
S. Lanceros-Mendez
L. Pereira
Title: Ciprofloxacin wastewater treated by UVA photocatalysis: contribution of irradiated TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles on the final toxicity as assessed by Vibrio fischeri
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Photocatalysis has become an attractive process to treat wastewater since it allows arapid and efficient degradation of micropollutants in water. A solution of ciprofloxacin(CIP) was photocatalytically treated by ultraviolet A light (UVA) and titanium dioxide(TiO2) or zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles. Toxicity of CIP and of the treated CIPsolutions, as well as the toxicity of TiO2 and ZnO irradiated nanoparticles, wasevaluated towards Vibrio fischeri. The lowest concentration of CIP tested, 10 µg L-1,leads to 50% of luminescence inhibition. Regarding irradiated nanoparticles, ZnOpresented higher bacteria luminescence inhibition than TiO2, 97 and 38%, respectively. Due to high toxicity of ZnO, it was only possible to evaluate the CIP solution treated byUVA/TiO2. Initially, the toxicity decreased with the time of the process, but after 15min the toxicity increased significantly (55%) and after 45 min of treatment, was 70%.High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Fourier transform infraredspectroscopy (FTIR) analysis proved that the initial decrease of toxicity was caused byCIP adsorption on catalyst surface, which latter increased due to the generation of byproducts and toxicity contribution of soluble nanoparticles. Ten by-products wereidentified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and the mechanismof CIP photocatalytic degradation was proposed.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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