Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/106360
Author(s): Maria J. Sampaio
João W. L. Oliveira
Caroline I. L. Sombrio
Daniel L. Baptista
Sérgio R. Teixeira
Sónia A. C. Carabineiro
Cláudia G. Silva
Joaquim L. Faria
Title: Photocatalytic performance of Au/ZnO nanocatalysts for hydrogen production from ethanol
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Gold was loaded on several ZnO samples with different morphologies: needle-like (ZnO-n), flower-like (ZnO-f), rods (ZnO-r), and prepared by a thermal calcination process (ZnO-t). A commercial ZnO sample (ZnO-c) was also used for comparison. Bare ZnO and Au/ZnO materials were used for the photocatalytic production of H2 from a water-ethanol solution under UV-vis irradiation ( > 300 nm). During the photocatalytic runs, hydrogen was generated at a constant rate for all samples, as well as CH4 and CO. The obtained results show that bare ZnO materials were able to promote H2 photogeneration, being ZnO-f the most efficient in terms of H2 generation. Loading with Au, in general, increased the photoefficiency for all materials. The most active gold loaded photocatalysts were the ones with the lowest gold nanoparticle sizes: Au/ZnO-f (427 mol h-1 gcat -1; 5.4 nm) and Au/ZnO-n (280 mol h-1 gcat -1; 5.8 nm). The samples with largest size (Au/ZnO-r and Au/ZnO-t with 6.2 nm, and Au/ZnO-c with 12.5 nm) were not so efficient (values below 230 mol h-1 gcat -1). Au/ZnO-f seems to be the most promising photocatalyst, generating the highest amount of H2 and the lowest quantities of CH4 and CO. It is also possible that the intricate morphology of ZnO-f may scatter the incoming light, enhancing light absorption efficiency and increasing the photoefficiency of this material.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/106360
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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