Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Fabíola Hackbarth
Franciélle Girardi
Antônio Augusto U. de Souza
João C. Santos
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Vítor J. P. Vilar
Selene M. A. Guelli U. de Souza
Title: Ion exchange prediction model for multi-metal systems obtained from single-metal systems using the macroalga Pelvetia canaliculata (Phaeophyceae) as a natural cation exchanger
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the cation exchange capacity of the macroalga Pelvetia canaliculata (Linnaeus) Decaisne & Thuret in a multi-metal system containing Cd2+, Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. The Naloaded alga was established as a cation exchanger, in which cadmium, lead, copper, zinc and hydrogen ions present in the liquid phase exchange with sodium ions bound to the functional groups on the algal surface, mainly weakly acidic carboxylic groups and strongly acidic sulfonic groups. A mass action law for the senary system (Na+/H+/cd(2+)/Pb2+/Zn2+) was able to predict the equilibrium data using the selectivity coefficients determined for the single-metal systems. Multi-metal equilibrium results, in agreement with the selectivity coefficients, showed a higher preference (affinity) of the biomass toward lead ions followed by copper, cadmium and zinc ions. A mass transfer model, considering equilibrium given by the mass action law, and a linear driving force model for intraparticle diffusion, was able to fit well the batch kinetic experimental data for all chemical species in the liquid and solid phase. The results indicate that the biomass of P. canaliculata is an efficient natural cation exchanger for multi-metal systems.
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/AAG-TEC/2685/2012|FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-027877/Valorização de macroalgas marinhas na separação e recuperação de iões metálicos tóxicos presentes em água/ALGAEVALUE
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/LA0020/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - LA 20 - 2013-2014/LA 20
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
5.03 MBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.