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Author(s): Márcia Salim
Aline Novack
Petrick Soares
Ângela Medeiros
Miguel Granato
Antonio Souza
Vítor Vilar
Selene Souza
Title: Photochemical UVC/H2O2 oxidation system as an effective method for the decolourisation of bio-treated textile wastewaters: towards onsite water reuse
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: A photochemical UVC/H2O2 oxidation system was applied for the decolourisation of two real textile wastewaters, textile wastewater A - TWA and textile wastewater B - TWB - collected after biological oxidation from two different textile wastewater treatment plants. The photochemical oxidation assays were performed in a lab-scale photo-reactor, where a borosilicate tube is associated to an internal concentric quartz tube filled with a UVC lamp (6 W). Photochemical reaction rates were determined under different operational conditions: H2O2 dosage (0-40 mM), pH (3, 5 and 9) and temperature (15, 23 and 35 degrees C). For both TWA and TWB, it was observed a positive influence on the UVC/H2O2 efficiency at higher hydrogen peroxide dosages and wastewater temperature. However, the pH conditions differently affected each wastewater. Although the dissolved organic content remained almost similar during the UVC/H2O2 reaction period, the biodegradable organic fraction increased for values higher than 40%. To achieve the colour discharge limits imposed by the Brazilian regulations, it was necessary 180/75 min of UVC irradiation (8.3/3.4 kJ(UVC) L-1) using an H2O2 dose of 25.0 mM, natural pH of 8.1/7.7 and T = 23 degrees C, respectively for the TWA/TWB. The photochemical-treated textile wastewater - PTWB was used as bathwater during bleaching and dyeing of cotton fibres in order to assess its onsite reuse in the textile manufacturing process. Compared with the same bleaching process made with distilled water, all quality indicators monitored showed small differences, which demonstrate the possible reuse of PTWB in this process. Finally, reuse of PTWB mixed with 50% distilled water as bathwater in the dyeing process with Direct Blue 71 resulted in similar samples (Delta E* = 0.76) when compared with standard dyeing process.
Subject: Tecnologia, Engenharia do ambiente
Technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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