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Author(s): Diego R. Manenti
Petrick A. Soares
Aparecido N. Módenes
Fernando R. Espinoza-Quiñones
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Rosângela Bergamasco
Vítor J. P. Vilar
Title: Insights into solar photo-Fenton process using iron(III)-organic ligand complexes applied to real textile wastewater treatment
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: The treatment of a real textile wastewater was accomplished using a conventional photo-Fenton reaction and mediated by different ferric-organic ligand complexes, performed in lab and pilot scale photoreactors irradiated by simulated and natural solar radiation, respectively. The textile wastewater presents a dark-blue colour, alkaline pH, a high organic content (COD = 1239 mg O-2 L-1; DOC = 408 mg C L-1) and moderate biodegradability (BOD5/COD = 0.16). The conventional solar-photo-Fenton reaction showed limited efficiency in the mineralization of the textile wastewater, which is characterized by a fast initial dissolved organic carbon decay in the absence of light, mainly attributed to the formation of ironorganic pollutants complexes with a low solubility at acidic pH values, leading to iron precipitation, followed by a very slow reaction rate under UV-visible light associated to (i) low amounts of dissolved iron and (ii) low photoactivity of the iron precipitates. The addition of the organic ligands, such as oxalic acid, citric acid and EDDS, enhanced significantly the photo-Fenton reaction, avoiding the formation of ironorganic pollutants complexes, and consequently increase of the quantum yield for ferrous ions production through the photodecarboxylation of ferric-organic ligands complexes. The catalytic activity of the iron-organic ligand complexes increased in the following order: Fe(III)-EDDS < Fe(III)-citrate < Fe(III)-oxalate. All the tested processes mediated by ferric-organic ligands complexes contributed to an effective decolourization and mineralization, but the most efficient system was the photo-Fenton-ferrioxalate reaction with an optimum catalyst concentration of 100 mg Fe3+ L-1, pH 2.8, temperature of 30 degrees C leading to complete decolourization and 69.1% mineralization after less than 8.8 kJuv L-1. An enhancement of the wastewater biodegradability was observed during the photo-Fenton-ferrioxalate reaction.
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/LA0020/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - LA 20 - 2013-2014/LA 20
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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