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Author(s): Francisca C. Moreira
J. Soler
Amélia Fonseca
Isabel Saraiva
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Enric Brillas
Vítor J. P. Vilar
Title: Incorporation of electrochemical advanced oxidation processes in a multistage treatment system for sanitary landfill leachate
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: The current study has proved the technical feasibility of including electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) in a multistage strategy for the remediation of a sanitary landfill leachate that embraced: (i) first biological treatment to remove the biodegradable organic fraction, oxidize ammonium and reduce alkalinity, (ii) coagulation of the bio-treated leachate to precipitate humic acids and particles, followed by separation of the clarified effluent, and (iii) oxidation of the resulting effluent by an EAOP to degrade the recalcitrant organic matter and increase its biodegradability so that a second biological process for removal of biodegradable organics and nitrogen content could be applied. The influence of current density on an UVA photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) process was firstly assessed. The oxidation ability of various EAOPs such as electro-Fenton (EF) with two distinct initial total dissolved iron concentrations ([TDI](0)), PEF and solar PEF (SPEF) was further evaluated and these processes were compared with their analogous chemical ones. A detailed assessment of the two first treatment stages was made and the biodegradability enhancement during the SPEF process was determined by a Zahn-Wellens test to define the ideal organics oxidation state to stop the EAOP and apply the second biological treatment. The best current density was 200 mA cm(-2) for a PEF process using a BDD anode, [TDI](0) of 60 mg L-1, pH 2.8 and 20 degrees C. The relative oxidation ability of EAOPs increased in the order EF with 12 mg [TDI](0) L-1 < EF with 60 mg [TDI](0) L-1 < PEF with 60 mg [TDI](0) L-1 <= SPEF with 60 mg [TDI](0) L-1, using the above-mentioned conditions. While EF process was much superior to the Fenton one, the superiority of PEF over photo-Fenton was less evident and SPEF attained similar degradation to solar photo-Fenton. To provide a final dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of 163 mg L-1 to fulfill the discharge limits into the environment after a second biological process, 6.2 kJ L-1 UV energy and 36 kWh m(-3) electrical energy were consumed using SPEF with a BDD anode at 200 mA cm(-2), 60 mg [TDI](0) L-1, pH 2.8 and 20 degrees C.
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Agência de Inovação, S.A./Projectos de I&DT em Co-Promoção/ SI IDT - 33960/2012 F2/Tecnologia de tratamento de lixiviados de aterros sanitários através da integração de processos de oxidação biológica e foto oxidação química, combinando radiação solar natural e artificial/AdvancedLFT
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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