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Author(s): Petrick A. Soares
Tânia F. C. V. Silva
Adriana Ramos Arcy
Selene M. A. Guelli U. Souza
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Vítor J. P. Vilar
Title: Assessment of AOPs as a polishing step in the decolourisation of bio-treated textile wastewater: Technical and economic considerations
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Biological oxidation processes have shown good results for the mineralisation of the non-recalcitrant fraction of textile wastewater. However, they do not always represent a feasible technique for colour removal, requiring a polishing step for decolourisation before the wastewater can be discharged into a receiving water body. In this study, UVC/H2O2 and photo-Fenton (PF) oxidation processes were used as a polishing step in the decolourisation of a bio-treated real textile wastewater. The photolysis of hydrogen peroxide using UVC radiation showed decolourisation efficiencies of 86% (Pt-Co method) and 96% (DFZ(436 nm)), consuming 1.6 mM H2O2 after 0.9 KJ(UV) L-1 (time = 35 min; UVC lamp power = 6 W; natural pH 7.8; T = 30 degrees C). The PF reaction was promoted by different radiation sources (UVC, UVA or UVA-vis), showing best results under UVC light. The efficiency of the UVC/Fe2+/H2O2 system was also studied for different iron concentrations, H2O2 availability and pH values. Decolourisation efficiencies of 78% (Pt-Co method) and 93% (DFZ(436 nm)) were achieved applying the UVC/Fe/H2O2 system at pH 2.8 and T = 30 degrees C, consuming 3.6 mM H2O2 after 0.6 KJ(UV) L-1 (time = 25 min; UV lamp power = 6 W). To further investigate the use of solar energy, additional PF assays mediated by ferric-organic ligands under UVA-vis radiation were also performed, considering the effect of the type of ferric-organic ligand as well as the iron/ferric-organic ligand molar ratio, iron concentration and pH. Maximum values for the decolourisation with UVA-vis/Fe3+/H2O2/oxalic acid were 84% (Pt-Co method) and 94% (DFZ(436 nm)), consuming 1.9 mM H2O2 after 2.9 KJ(UV) L-1 (pH 2.8). In addition, the costs associated with the processes studied were estimated. For the optimal conditions, aiming at achieving the legal wastewater discharge requirements, the total unit costs were: (a) 0.25 (sic)m(-3) (UVC/H2O2 at pH 2.8); (b) 0.16 (sic)m(-3) (UVC/H2O2 at natural pH); (c) 0.24 (sic)m(-3) (UVC/Fe2+/H2O2 at pH 2.8); (d) 0.61 (sic)m(-3) (UVA-vis/Fe2+/H2O2 at pH 2.8); (e) 0.79 (sic)m(-3) (UVA-vis/Fe3+/H2O2/oxalic acid at pH 2.8) and; (f) 0.83 (sic)m(-3) (UVA-vis/Fe3+/H2O2/oxalic acid at pH 5.0).
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Autoriadade de Gestão do Programa Operacional Regional do Norte/Programas Integrados de IC&DT/NORTE-07-0124-FEDER-000008/Environmental Technologies /LSRE/LCM LA - RL1_P3
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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