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Author(s): Vítor J. P. Vilar
Tânia F. C. V. Silva
Petrick A. Soares
Diego R. Manenti
Amélia Fonseca
Isabel Saraiva
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Title: An innovative multistage treatment system for sanitary landfill leachate depuration: Studies at pilot-scale
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: In this work, an innovative methodology for the treatment of landfill leachates, after aerobic lagooning, is proposed and adjusted at pilot-scale. This methodology involves an aerobic activated sludge biological pre-oxidation (ASBO), a coagulation/sedimentation step (240 mg Fe3+/L, at pH 4.2) and a photo-oxidation through a photo-Fenton (PF) reaction (60 mg Fe2+, at pH 2.8) combining solar and artificial light. The ASBO process applied to a leachate after aerobic lagooning, with high organic and nitrogen content (1.1-1.5 g C/L; 0.8-3.0 g N/L) and low biodegradability (BOD5/COD = 0.07-0.13), is capable to oxidise 62-99% of the ammonium nitrogen, consuming only the affluent alkalinity (70-100%). The coagulation/sedimentation stage led to the humic acids precipitation, promoting a marked change in leachate colour,from dark-brown to yellowish-brown (related to fulvic acids), accompanied by a reduction of 60%, 58% and 88% on DOC, COD and TSS, respectively. The PF system promoted the degradation of the recalcitrant organic molecules into more easily biodegradable ones. According to Zahn-Wellens biodegradability test, a leachate with 419 mg DOC/L after coagulation, would have to be photo-oxidized until DOC <256 mg/L, consuming 117 mM of H2O2 and 10.4 kJ/L of accumulated UV energy, to achieve an effluent that can be biologically treated in compliance with the COD discharge limit (150 mg O-2/L) into water bodies. The biological process downstream from the photocatalytic system would promote a mineralization >60%. The PF step cost to treat 100 m(3)/day of leachate was 6.41sic/m(3), combining 1339 m(2) of CPCs with lamps.
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Agência de Inovação, S.A./Projectos de I&DT em Co-Promoção/ SI IDT - 33960/2012 F2/Tecnologia de tratamento de lixiviados de aterros sanitários através da integração de processos de oxidação biológica e foto oxidação química, combinando radiação solar natural e artificial/AdvancedLFT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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