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Author(s): Ariana M. A. Pintor
Catarina I. A. Ferreira
Joana P. C. Pereira
Renata S. Souza
Susana P. Silva
Vítor J. P. Vilar
Cidália M. S. Botelho
Rui A. R. Boaventura
Title: Oil desorption and recovery from cork sorbents
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: This study focuses on the recovery of sunflower oil from cork sorbents, namely of regranulated type, either by desorption using different eluents or by mechanical compression. Saturation of sorbents was carried out in pure oil medium. Elution with tap water, 0.1 M H2SO4 and 10 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS, anionic surfactant) solutions showed very low efficiency, below 10%. Slight improvement was achieved with 10 mM hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) bromide (cationic surfactant) and 0.1 M NaOH solutions. The latter was the best performing desorbing solution with a recovery of 24 ± 3%. Mechanical compression was evaluated at different operating pressures, compression time, number of compression cycles and cork sorbent mass loads. It was found that interrupted compression favours oil recovery when compared to continuous compression. The increase of the mass load led to the occurrence of a 'pillow effect' which caused increased recovery and protected the cork sorbents from structural damage. The effect of the operating pressure was less pronounced, but for a mass load of 10 g the process was improved by increasing the pressure from 2 to 7 bar. Finally, it was demonstrated that for 10 g mass load, 7 bar operating pressure, and a protocol of four 1-min compressions, a recovery efficiency of 67 ± 1% was achieved and both the sorption capacity and recovery efficiency remained generally stable over 10 cycles.
Subject: Tecnologia ambiental, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental technology, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/50020/2013- POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984/Laboratório de Processos de Separação e Reação - Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais/LSRE-LCM
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Agência de Inovação, S.A./Projectos de I&DT em Co-Promoção/SI IDT - 13493/2010/Utilização de resíduos ou subprodutos da cortiça para a eliminação de óleos e gorduras de águas/HIDROCORK
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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