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Author(s): Joana M. Dias
Maria C. M. Alvim Ferraz
Manuel F. Almeida
José D. Méndez Díaz
Manuel Sánchez Polo
José Rivera Utrilla
Title: Selection of heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production from animal fat
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: In order to contribute for a more sustainable biodiesel production, its synthesis from animal fat through heterogeneous catalysis was studied, by focusing on: (i) selecting a heterogeneous catalyst for pork lard transesterification; (ii) studying the influence of the reaction conditions on biodiesel purity, namely by using response surface methodology (RSM); and, (iii) evaluating the re-use of the catalyst. Calcium manganese oxide was the selected heterogeneous catalyst for the transesterification of lard obtained from a meat processing industry. RSM studies allowed the development of a second-order model representing the influence of the reaction conditions on biodiesel purity; the temperature and the combined effect of the temperature and catalyst concentration were the conditions which mostly influenced product purity. Catalyst was reused without significant loss of activity indicating that catalytic behaviour was heterogeneous.
Subject: Ciências do ambiente, Engenharia do ambiente
Environmental science, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Programa de Financiamento Plurianual de Unidades de I&D/FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-022677/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - UI 511 - 2011-2012/PEst-C/EQB/UI0511/2011
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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