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Author(s): J. M. Dias
E. Santos
F. Santo
F. Carvalho
M. C. M. Alvim Ferraz
M. F. Almeida
Title: Study of an ethylic biodiesel integrated process: Raw-materials, reaction optimization and purification methods
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: No studies are reported on ethylic biodiesel integrated processes, considering raw materials, reaction optimization and product purification. The present study aims to: i) select key variables for experimental optimization of ethanolysis using a virgin vegetable oil; ii) perform an optimization study using a waste oil; and iii) evaluate the effectiveness of water free purification methods. Sunflower oil ethanolysis was conducted at different temperatures (30 - 80 degrees C), catalyst concentrations (0.3 - 2 wt.%), reaction times (0.5 - 4 h) and ethanol: oil molar ratios (2:1 - 12:1). Optimization experiments on waste oil ethanolysis were performed at different temperatures (30 50 C) and ethanol: oil molar ratios (6:1 - 12:1), during 1 h and using 1 wt.% catalyst. Quality parameters were measured according to EN 14214. A cation-exchange resin and a ceramic membrane were evaluated for water-free purification. Regarding sunflower oil ethanolysis, when successful, conversion ranged from 75.2 to 97.7 wt.%. Using both oils under optimized conditions (45 degrees C, 6:1 ethanol:oil molar ratio), a product with a very high purity (>98.0 wt.%) was obtained after water washing purification. The 0.1 mu m ceramic membrane was more effective than the cation-exchange resin, but it was not possible to obtain a good quality product using both methods.
Subject: Ciências Tecnológicas, Engenharia do ambiente
Technological sciences, Environmental engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia do ambiente
Engineering and technology::Environmental engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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