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Author(s): Carla M. B. Gonçalves
Liliana C. Tomé
Helga Garcia
Lúcia Brandão
Adélio M. Mendes
Isabel M. Marrucho
Title: Effect of natural and synthetic antioxidants incorporation on the gas permeation properties of poly(lactic acid) films
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Gas permeation properties (permeability, diffusivity and solubility coefficients) were determined for carbon dioxide and oxygen in poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films enriched with 0, 2, 4 and 10 wt.% of different antioxidants, at three temperatures, 284, 293 and 303 K, using a time-lag apparatus. Three antioxidants, a natural, alpha-tocopherol (AT), and two synthetic, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), were tested. DSC results show that the polymer glass transition temperature slightly decreases with the increase of the antioxidant content. The crystallinity degree of PLA films decreases with the addition of BHT and TBHQ whereas the incorporation of AT increases the crystallinity of PLA films. The permeability towards water vapour, at 299 K and 45% of relative humidity, and surface energy show a decreased in the wettability of the prepared materials with the increase of the antioxidants content. The incapacity to measure gas permeation in PLA films with 10 wt.% of AT and BHT incorporated was due to phase separation, proved by SEM images. The CO2 and O-2 permeation results show that PLA barrier properties can be improved by the incorporation of antioxidants but are strongly dependent on the amount and structure of the antioxidant added.
Subject: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/UI0511/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - UI 511 - 2013-2014/UI0511
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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