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Author(s): Nádia T. Paiva
Ana Henriques
Paulo Cruz
João M. Ferra
Luísa H. Carvalho
Fernão D. Magalhães
Title: Production of melamine fortified urea-formaldehyde resins with low formaldehyde emission
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: Melamine can be incorporated in the synthesis of urea-formaldehyde (UF) resins to improve performance in particleboards (PB), mostly in terms of hydrolysis resistance and formaldehyde emission. In this work, melamine-fortified UF resins were synthesized using a strong acid process. The best step for melamine addition and the effect of the reaction pH on the resin characteristics and performance were evaluated. Results showed that melamine incorporation is more effective when added on the initial acidic stage. The condensation reaction pH has a significant effect on the synthesis process. A pH below 3.0 results on a very fast reaction that is difficult to control. On the other hand, with pH values above 5.0, the condensation reaction becomes excessively slow. PBs panels produced with resins synthesized with a condensation pH between 4.5 and 4.7 showed good overall performance, both in terms of internal bond strength and formaldehyde emissions. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012
Subject: Engenharia de materiais, Química
Materials engineering, Chemical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Química
Natural sciences::Chemical sciences
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Agência de Inovação, S.A./Projectos de I&DT em Co-Promoção/SI IDT - 5347/2008/Concepção de sistemas adesivos taylor-made para o fabrico de painéis de madeira de baixa emissão de formaldeído/EO_Formaldehyde
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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