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Author(s): Klara Slezakova
Dionísia Castro
Arlindo Begonha
Cristina Delerue Matos
Maria da Conceição Alvim Ferraz
Simone Morais
Maria do Carmo Pereira
Title: Evaluation of atmospheric deposition and patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in facades of historic monuments of Oporto (Portugal)
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Atmospheric pollution by motor vehicles is considered a relevant source of damage to architectural heritage. Thus the aim of this work was to assess the atmospheric depositions and patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in facades of historical monuments. Eighteen PAHs (16 PAHs considered by US EPA as priority pollutants, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and benzo[j]fluoranthene) were determined in thin black layers collected from facades of two historical monuments: Hospital Santo Antonio and Lapa Church (Oporto, Portugal). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for morphological and elemental characterisation of thin black layers; PAHs were quantified by microwave-assisted extraction combined with liquid chromatography (MAE-LC). The thickness of thin black layers were 80-110m and they contained significant levels of iron, sulfur, calcium and phosphorus. Total concentrations of 18 PAHs ranged from 7.74 to 147.92ng/g (mean of 45.52ng/g) in thin black layers of Hospital Santo Antonio, giving a range three times lower than at Lapa Church (5.44-429.26ng/g; mean of 110.25ng/g); four to six rings compounds accounted at both monuments approximately for 80-85% of Sigma(PAHs). The diagnostic ratios showed that traffic emissions were significant source of PAHs in thin black layers. Composition profiles of PAHs in thin black layers of both monuments were similar to those of ambient air, thus showing that air pollution has a significant impact on the conditions and stone decay of historical building facades. The obtained results confirm that historical monuments in urban areas act as passive repositories for air pollutants present in the surrounding atmosphere.
Subject: Química
Chemical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Química
Natural sciences::Chemical sciences
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/UI0511/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - UI 511 - 2013-2014/UI0511
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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