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Author(s): Klara Slezakova
Jimmy Fonseca
Simone Morais
Maria do Carmo Pereira
Title: Ultrafine particles in ambient air of an urban area: Dose implications for elderly
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Due to their detrimental effects on human health, the scientific interest in ultrafine particles (UFP) has been increasing, but available information is far from comprehensive. Compared to the remaining population, the elderly are potentially highly susceptible to the effects of outdoor air pollution. Thus, this study aimed to (1) determine the levels of outdoor pollutants in an urban area with emphasis on UFP concentrations and (2) estimate the respective dose rates of exposure for elderly populations. UFP were continuously measured over 3 weeks at 3 sites in north Portugal: 2 urban (U1 and U2) and 1 rural used as reference (R1). Meteorological parameters and outdoor pollutants including particulate matter (PM10), ozone (O-3), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were also measured. The dose rates of inhalation exposure to UFP were estimated for three different elderly age categories: 64-70, 71-80, and >81 years. Over the sampling period levels of PM10, O-3 and NO2 were in compliance with European legislation. Mean UFP were 1.7 x 104 and 1.2 x 104 particles/cm(3) at U1 and U2, respectively, whereas at rural site levels were 20-70% lower (mean of 1 x 10(4) particles/cm(3)). Vehicular traffic and local emissions were the predominant identified sources of UFP at urban sites. In addition, results of correlation analysis showed that UFP were meteorologically dependent. Exposure dose rates were 1.2- to 1.4-fold higher at urban than reference sites with the highest levels noted for adults at 71-80 yr, attributed mainly to higher inhalation rates.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências Tecnológicas, Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Health sciences, Technological sciences, Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/UI0511/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - UI 511 - 2013-2014/UI0511
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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