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Author(s): Ana Cristina Abreu
Anabela Borges
Filipe Mergulhão
Manuel Simões
Title: Use of phenyl isothiocyanate for biofilm prevention and control
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to assess the antibacterial activity of phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC), a synthetic isothiocyanate, on biofilms of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The effects of PITC on bacterial free energy of adhesion and motility were also investigated. Biofilm formation in 96-well polystyrene microtiter plates was quantified by crystal violet staining and the metabolic activity of those biofilms was assessed with alamar blue. The viability and culturability of the biofilm bacteria after exposure to PITC were determined. The highest removal and metabolic activity reduction of biofilms with PITC was around 90% for both bacteria. Treatment with PITC enabled 4.5 and 4.0 log(10) reductions of the number of viable cells for E. coli and S. aureus, respectively; and no colony forming units (CFUs) were detected. PITC also affected the adhesion process and motility of bacteria, greatly preventing biofilm formation. In conclusion, PITC enabled both biofilm prevention and control, promoting high biofilm removal and inactivation activities, suggesting that this compound is a promising disinfectant.
Subject: Ciências biológicas
Biological sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Ciências biológicas
Natural sciences::Biological sciences
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/EBB-EBI/105085/2008/Estudo da influência do fenótipo de biofilmes na sua resiliência e resistência/Bioresist
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/DTP-SAP/1078/2012|FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-028765/Desinfeção de bactérias planctónicas e biofilmes em ambientes hospitalares com produtos fitoquímicos/Fitodesinfetantes
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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