Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/103241
Author(s): J. M. R. Moreira
L. C. Gomes
M. Simões
L. F. Melo
F. J. Mergulhão
Title: The impact of material properties, nutrient load and shear stress on biofouling in food industries
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: In the food industry, biofilm formation in pipes, equipment and cooling systems increases maintenance costs, decreases operational efficiencies and is a source of contamination. Shear stress, nutrient load and surface material are important variables affecting the biofilm onset in industry. In this work, the combined impacts of these variables were assessed using three different materials (glass, copper and stainless steel), two nutrient loads (high and low nutrient medium) and two hydrodynamic conditions (static and dynamic). Initial adhesion and biofilm formation were studied in microplates using Escherichia coli as a model organism. Surface material was the factor with the strongest impact and adhesion/biofilm formation were correlated with surface hydrophobicity. However, the impact of this variable was dependent on the nutrient load and imposed shear stress. It was also found that, for the majority of the situations tested, initial attachment performance is a good predictor of biofilm formation behaviour and that the effects observed during attachment are amplified during biofilm maturation. Since shear stress is a major determinant in cell adhesion, the results of this study may find application in industrial systems operating at flow rates between 0.001 and 600 m(3) h(-1) depending on tube material and diameter.
Subject: Ciências Tecnológicas, Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Technological sciences, Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/103241
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Autoriadade de Gestão do Programa Operacional Regional do Norte/Programas Integrados de IC&DT/NORTE-07-0124-FEDER-000025/(Bio) Chemical Engineering: Multi-Scale Approaches for Sustainable Environment and Health/LEPAE/CEFT - RL2
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/PEst-C/EQB/UI0511/2013/PROJECTO ESTRATÉGICO - UI 511 - 2013-2014/UI0511
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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