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Author(s): S. C. Rodrigues
A. Mendes
L. M. Madeira
A. I. Pereira
P. Pérez
C. J. Tavares
Title: Deposition of Pd-Ag thin film membranes on ceramic supports for hydrogen purification/separation
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Pd-Ag based membranes supported on porous alpha-Al2O3 (doped with yttria-stabilized zirconia) were studied for hydrogen selective separation. Magnetron sputtering technique was employed for the synthesis of thin film membranes. The hydrogen permeation flux is affected by the membrane columnar structure, which is formed during deposition. From scanning electron microscopy analysis, it was observed that different sputtering deposition pressures lead to distinct columnar structure growth. X-ray diffraction patterns provided evidence of a Pd-Ag solid solution with an average crystallite domain size of 21 nm, whose preferential growth can be altered by the deposition pressure. The gas-permeation results have shown that the Pd-Ag membrane supported on porous alpha-Al2O3 is selective toward H-2. For optimized membrane synthesis conditions, the permeance toward N-2 is 0.076 x 10(-6) moi m(-2) s(-1) pa(-1) at room temperature, whereas for a pressure difference of 300 kPa the H-2-flux is of the order of ca. 0.21 mol m(-2) s(-1), which corresponds to a permeance of 0.71 x 10(-6) mol m(-2) s(-1) Pa-1, yielding a selectivity of alpha (H-2/N-2) = 10. These findings suggest that the membrane has a reasonable capacity to selectively permeate this gas. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Engenharia química, Engenharia química
Chemical engineering, Chemical engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia química
Engineering and technology::Chemical engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/EQU-ERQ/098730/2008/Integração de Reactores de Membrana com Processos Adsorptivos usando-se Catalisadores Suportados em Monolitos para a Produção de Hidrogénio de Elevada Pureza/PTDC/EQU-ERQ/098730/2008
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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