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Author(s): Margot A. Llosa Tanco
David A. Pacheco Tanaka
Sandra C. Rodrigues
Adélio Mendes
Miguel Teixeira
Title: Composite-alumina-carbon molecular sieve membranes prepared from novolac resin and boehmite. Part I: Preparation, characterization and gas permeation studies
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Supported composite alumina-carbon molecular sieve membranes (c-CMSM) were prepared from in house prepared novolac phenolic resin loaded with boehmite nanoparticles in a single dipping-drying-carbonization step. A porous a-alumina tube support was dipped into a N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone solution containing polymerized novolac resin loaded with boehmite, subsequently dried at 100 degrees C and carbonized at 500 degrees C under nitrogen environment. The structure, morphology and performance of the membranes were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), carbon dioxide adsorption and permeation of N-2, O-2, He, H-2 and CO2. SEM showed carbon membranes with a thin and very uniform layer with a thickness of ca. 3 mu m CO2 adsorption isotherms indicated that the produced carbon membranes presented a microporous structure. The c-CMSM exhibited good gas separation properties. The permselectivity surpass the Robeson upper bound for polymeric membranes, especially regarding ideal permselectivities of pairs H-2/N-2 = 117, and He/O-2 = 49. Aging effects were observed after membrane exposure to ambient air. However with a thermal treatment under nitrogen atmosphere the permeance of nitrogen increases. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Engenharia química, Engenharia química
Chemical engineering, Chemical engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia química
Engineering and technology::Chemical engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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