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Author(s): Patrícia C. Sousa
Paulo M. Coelho
Mónica S. N. Oliveira
Manuel A. Alves
Title: Viscoelastic fluid flow in three-dimensional square-square contractions
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Visualizations of the flow patterns in a square-square contraction were undertaken using streak line photography, and detailed velocity field measurements were conducted using a Particle Image Velocimetry technique. We analyze the effect of contraction ratio on the flow patterns observed with a Newtonian and a Boger fluid. For the Newtonian fluid, the experimental results are compared with numerical simulations performed using a Finite-Volume method, and excellent agreement is found. For the viscoelastic case, we observe complex flow patterns that are dependent on the contraction ratio. For low contraction ratios strong divergent flow is observed upstream of the contraction, which is consistent with the findings of Alves and Poole [1]. On the other hand, for high contraction ratios no upstream divergent flow is observed, except in the vicinity of the re-entrant corner, where a localized atypical divergent flow is observed. For all contraction ratios studied (CR = 2.4, 4, 8 and 12), increasing the Deborah number leads to a strong elastic vortex enhancement upstream of the contraction, until a periodic complex flow is established at higher flow rates.
Subject: Engenharia
Source: AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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