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dc.creatorCarvalho, F
dc.creatorRemiao, F
dc.creatorSoares, ME
dc.creatorCatarino, R
dc.creatorQueiroz, G
dc.creatorBastos, ML
dc.description.abstractAmphetamines are indirect-acting sympathomimetic drugs widely abused due to their physical and psychostimulating effects. However, the use of these drugs has been associated with numerous reports of hepatotoxicity. While glutathione depletion induced by amphetamines contributes to the exposure of hepatocytes to oxidative damage, other indirect effects attributed to amphetamines may have a role in cell injury. To examine this possibility, Wistar rats were used for plasma measurements of d-amphetamine and catecholamines (noradrenaline, adrenaline and dopamine) (15 min) after i.p. injection of d-amphetamine (5, 20 and 80 mg/kg). Freshly isolated rat hepatocytes were put into contact for 2 h with concentrations of d-amphetamine and catecholamines similar to those found in vivo. Since hyperthermia is a common consequence of acute amphetamine intake, the study using isolated hepatocytes was conducted at 37 degrees C and also at 41 degrees C in order to simulate high temperature levels, We found that hyperthermia was an important cause of cell toxicity: in vitro, a rise in incubation temperature from 37 to 41 degrees C causes oxidative stress in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes, as shown by a depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH; 23%), an increase of oxidized glutathione (GSSG; 157%), the induction of lipid peroxidation with 77% increase of thiobarbituric acid substances TBARS) and the consequent loss of cell viability (less than or equal to 44%). Single treatment of isolated hepatocytes with catecholamines at 37 degrees C induced lipid peroxidation (29% increase of TEARS) but had no effect on glutathione or cell viability. Conversely, a single treatment with d-amphetaGSH) with no effect on lipid peroxidation or cell viability. Also, d-amphetamine potentiated the induction by catecholamines of lipid peroxidation at 37 degrees C (less than or equal to 48% increase of TEARS), while concomitant treatment of d-amphetamine and catecholamines potentiated cell death at 41 degrees C (less than or equal to 56% of cell death) although no effect on viability was seen at 37 degrees C, It is concluded that the aforementioned modifications induced by d-amphetamine In vivo are cytotoxic to freshly isolated rat hepatocytes.
dc.subjectMedicina básica
dc.subjectBasic medicine
dc.titled-Amphetamine-induced hepatoxicity: Possible contribution of catecholamines and hyperthermia to the effect studied in isolated rat hepatocytes
dc.typeArtigo em Revista Científica Internacional
dc.contributor.uportoFaculdade de Farmácia
dc.subject.fosCiências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
dc.subject.fosMedical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Appears in Collections:FFUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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